Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Do parties matter in FDI : how U.S. political parties relate to U.S. FDI in a gravity model setting Public Deposited

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  • This study examines the relation between political parties in the United States and foreign direct investment (FDI) using a panel data gravity model of 42 countries from 1980 to 2006. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party differ on economic platforms, and the changing of relative power in government between the two parties may pose political risk for FDI decisions by firms. And the political parties may seek out the support of voters whom respond differently to FDI. The findings of the study indicate that Democratic presidents and higher percentages of Democratic Party members in the Senate negatively relate to inward U.S. FDI with the Democratic president accounting for about one percent of average yearly inward FDI. Additionally, it finds Democratic presidents significantly and negatively relate to contemporaneous outward U.S. FDI, but by less than one percent of the yearly average outward FDI. Outward FDI negatively relates to high percentage of Democrats in the Senate under a one year lag. The Democratic Party is negatively related to FDI to and from developed countries and insignificantly related for developing countries. This result suggests that party control has significant but small effects on U.S. FDI.
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