The association and distribution of fish species in Nyanza Gulf, Lake Victoria, East Africa, 1975 Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/7m01bq39w

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • A trawling survey was conducted on Nyanza Gulf, Lake Victoria, East Africa during March-December 1975 to investigate association and distribution of the major fish species and to provide information for management of the fishery. A total of 139 sites was sampled and all fishes caught were counted, measured, and weighed. At each site, depth, bottom type (substratum), offshore distance, season, and time of day were recorded. Species association and patterns of occurrence were investigated by the Bray-Curtis clustering strategy and interrelationships between species and environmental data were analyzed by canonical correlation. Patterns of the trawl data suggested that fish species responded to variation in physical features of the Gulf and time of sampling. These environmental factors showed significant associations with species breeding and feeding habits. Depth seemed to be the most important factor in species distribution and had a positive correlation with substrate coarseness. Although the Gulf could be divided into three geographical areas (Uyoma-Naya, Homa, and Winam) according to physical features, statistical analyses showed two rather distinct patterns of ichthyomass; one at Uyoma-Naya dominated by Tilapia nilotica, Tilapia variabilis, Lates albertianus,and Clarias mossambicus; and the other at Homa- Winam dominated by Haplochromis spp., Bagrus docmac, Protopterus aethiopicus and Clarias mossambicus. As little is known about species life histories, management strategies may be based upon ichthyomass patterns instead. On the Gulf, there is too much fishing effort to make it practical to sample the entire catch for purposes of assessing the effect of different gears and regulations on the fishery. However, if sufficiently small exploratory 'fishery windows' are established in each of the major localized ichthyomass areas, management policies could be developed experimentally without destroying the assemblages. A tentative exploratory management program is suggested based on the identified ichthyomass patterns, and both direct and indirect management strategies are proposed.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-10-08T19:19:00Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WanjalaBenny1978.pdf: 921778 bytes, checksum: c1b232a76d88c515e07694a9887b16f7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-10-08T19:54:50Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WanjalaBenny1978.pdf: 921778 bytes, checksum: c1b232a76d88c515e07694a9887b16f7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Sergio Trujillo (jstscanner@gmail.com) on 2013-10-08T19:12:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WanjalaBenny1978.pdf: 921778 bytes, checksum: c1b232a76d88c515e07694a9887b16f7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-10-08T19:54:50Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 WanjalaBenny1978.pdf: 921778 bytes, checksum: c1b232a76d88c515e07694a9887b16f7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1978-02-09

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items