Stress and well-being : self-esteem, self-efficacy, rumination, reflection, & religion Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/m039k695w

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  • Depression has been one of the most prevalent psychological disorders. Its relationship with life events is reviewed in light of factors influencing the relationship such as self-esteem, attributional styles, and cognitive complexity. The mechanism of depression and its links with personality disorders are looked at in relation to anxiety. The role of self-awareness in therapy is discussed along with the dynamic of change and the emotion component in psychoanalytic, Adlerian, existential, gestalt, person-centered, and cognitive psychotherapies. In addition, self-awareness is also highlighted in terms of hardiness, openness to experience, and a sense of salvation. A survey was conducted focused on the relationship between stress and well-being. Self-esteem, self-efficacy, rumination, reflection, and religion were examined as possible moderators or mediators of the relation between life events and well-being in predominantly white female college students. Life events were analyzed in terms of perceived stressfulness, objective severity of events, and controllability of events. Well-being was measured as depression, total symptoms, and life satisfaction. Self-esteem was found to buffer the negative impact of life events. Self-efficacy, on the other hand, created a susceptibility to their negative impact. Reflection buffered the negative effect of rumination on life satisfaction. Religion was also found to moderate the relationship between events and well-being. Self-esteem and rumination mediated this relationship. Limitations of the present study and suggestions for future research are discussed.
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