A comparative investigation on the efficacy of integrated and segregated physical education settings for students with disabilities Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ns0648703

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  • The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effectiveness of integrated and segregated settings in elementary physical education. The efficacy of each setting was measured by the quantity of opportunities to respond (OTR) and the quality of those responses. This study examined the frequency and motor appropriateness of OTRs for children with developmental disabilities in integrated and segregated physical education classes. This study utilized a single subject alternating conditions design. Four students, 7 to 11 years, with developmental disabilities participated in this study. All participants received both general (integrated) physical education and adapted (segregated) physical education services throughout the 1997-1998 school year. Subjects were videotaped during the lesson focus portion of both the integrated and the segregated physical education settings once each week for a total of five weeks. Data on the frequency and motor appropriateness of the OTRs were collected and analyzed for each participant in both settings. Students with developmental disabilities generally made more responses in the segregated physical education setting. The motor appropriateness of these responses were similar in both segregated and integrated settings, although it was marginally higher in the segregated setting. The results of this investigation demonstrated that students with developmental disabilities received higher quantities of OTRs in the segregated physical education setting. However, there was little difference between settings with respect to the quality of the OTRs for three of the four subjects. For this reason and other suspected academic and social benefits of integration, an integrated physical education setting may prove beneficial for a number of students with disabilities.
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