|Abstract or Summary
- The United States Air Force uses a test constructed by Air
Force personnel to test all individuals seeking entrance into Air
Force officer training programs. This test is titled "The Air Force
Officer Qualifying Test" (AFOQT). There are two major classes of
candidates who are required to take the test: the college graduate
who applies for admittance to the Officer Training School (OTS)
located at San Antonio, Texas, and the Air Force Reserve Officer
Training Corps (AFROTC) cadet located in detachments on college
and university campuses throughout the United States.
In the fall of 1967 officials of the Testing Branch, Headquarters,
Air Force ROTC, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama,
noticed that college graduates applying for OTS were scoring approximately
twenty points higher on the AFOQT than were Air Force ROTC
cadets. The question was asked, "Why should there be such a wide
variance in test scores on the same test by two seemingly comparable
groups?" One answer proposed was that the college graduate was
two to three years older than the cadet and in those extra years had
gained maturity and valuable educational experience that enabled him
to elevate his score by an average of twenty points. It was the purpose
of this study to determine empirically what effect two to three
years of maturation and educational experience have on scores
obtained on the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test.
The test-retest method was used. Four hundred fifteen
cadets who had been previously identified as either ground officer
candidates or flying officer candidates and whose initial AFOQT test
scores as freshmen were available to the Test Control Section,
Testing Branch, Headquarters, AFROTC Maxwell Air Force Base,
Alabama, were retested within 150 days of completion of degree
requirements to coincide with Officer Training School eligibility.
The cadets were selected from AFROTC detachments nationwide and
from all type institutions to insure a valid and representative sample.
After retesting, comparisons were made between Officer Quality
Composite, Pilot Composite, and Navigator- Technical Composite
scores and significant differences, if any, established and recorded.
Twelve conclusions were made, based on the thesis data, that
generally support the basic hypothesis.