Undergraduate Thesis Or Project

 

Do Fearful Facial Expressions Capture Attention Involuntarily? Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/2r36v012t

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Alternative Title
  • On the Control of Spatial Attention: Is There an Attentional Bias Toward Threatening Objects?
Creator
Abstract
  • It has been claimed that stimuli signaling threat are processed rapidly and draw our attention (e.g., Fox, Russo, & Dutton, 2002). Similarly, it has been argued that expressions of fear have a strong pull on our attention because they signal threat (e.g., Phelps, Ling, & Carrasco, 2006; Vuilleumier & Schwartz, 2001). The present study used a cuing paradigm to examine whether fearful facial expressions capture attention involuntarily (i.e., automatically), even when they are irrelevant. We asked participants to find a letter in a particular color (red or green) and indicate whether it was a “T” or an “L”. Prior to the target display, a cue display was presented. In the face cue condition, one fearful face and one neutral face appeared on opposite sides of the display. In the color cue condition, one green box and one red box appeared on opposite sides of the display (see Figure 1). In both cue conditions, the stimuli (faces and boxes) are irrelevant to the task at hand – identifying letters. Previous cuing studies have concluded that if a participant is looking for a particular color to find the target letter, then other objects in the cue display containing this same color will capture attention. For example, when looking for a red letter, a red box will capture attention. This conclusion is based on the cue validity effect – the finding that response time (RT) is shorter and proportion of error (PE) is smaller when the target appears in the same location as the color cue drawn in the target color than when it appeared in a different location. Stimuli in other colors do not produce a cue validity effect.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Non-Academic Affiliation
Series
Rights Statement
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-05-22T16:01:05Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1CUE Poster 2010.pdf: 494842 bytes, checksum: 1ca640855f486f3e3d16e48b04031c20 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2010
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-05-22T16:01:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1CUE Poster 2010.pdf: 494842 bytes, checksum: 1ca640855f486f3e3d16e48b04031c20 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Robinson Taylor (taylrobi@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-05-21T18:31:26ZNo. of bitstreams: 1CUE Poster 2010.pdf: 494842 bytes, checksum: 1ca640855f486f3e3d16e48b04031c20 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

In Collection:

Items