Question: Are there general life-history rules for exploitation-caused extinction of mammal populations?
Mathematical methods: A population of size N faced with the added mortality of human exploitation will deterministically go extinct if its per-capita birth rate can no longer match its per-capita mortality rate as N approaches zero. We develop...
Long-term data sets that quantitatively confirm basic ecological theory are rare for field
populations. Highly variable recruitment often causes wide temporal variation in population
age distribution and basic theory for adaptive sex ratio often predicts ‘sex ratio tracking’ to
match the fluctuating age distribution. Using sex-changing shrimp as a model...
In a 1966 American Naturalist article, G. C. Williams
initiated the study of reproductive effort (RE) with the prediction
that longer-lived organisms ought to expend less in reproduction per
unit of time. We can multiply RE, often measured in fractions of
adult body mass committed to reproduction per unit time,...
Recent comparative studies across sex-changing animals
have found that the relative size and age at sex change are strikingly
invariant. In particular, 91%–97% of the variation in size at sex
change across species can be explained by the simple rule that individuals
change sex when they reach 72% of their...
Composition and structure of Oregon ash
(Fraxinus latifolia) woodlands in the William L. Finley
National Wildlife Refuge, Oregon are described. Twenty
stands dominated by Fraxinus latifolia were sampled with
500 m2 circular macroplots in which floristic microplot
data were collected for plant community synthesis. Plant
communities were identified by computer-assisted...
Writing an educational children's book to promote the use of American Sign Language and education about Deaf culture while also providing parents with a resource to learn ASL while spending quality time with their child.
A collection of short stories in the style of flash fiction. The themes of the stories include relationships, legality, and friendship. The stories are connect by themes, cross self-referencing, repetition, fragmentation, and characters. The main unifying feature is the characterization of the narrator through his response and commentary. The styles...
The post-election violence in the aftermath of Iran’s 2009 presidential
election was viewed through the lens of new, social media. New media
publishers created and supported a movement, and in the process they wove
a national struggle into the global media landscape. This exploration places
Twitter in the context of...