Prediction of hazardous Columbia River bar conditions Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/0v838361p

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  • In this study methods were developed for the prediction of wave conditions that are hazardous to navigation at river entrances, with emphasis on applicability to the Columbia River. There are two basic components to the prediction system: (1) a semi-automated spectral method for forecasting the significant height and average period of waves in deep water, and (2) an index of navigation hazard at river entrances that depends on the significant height and average period in deep water and on the mean current and water depth at the entrance. The computerized, deep water forecast method is a hybrid scheme that combines the spectral principles of the Pierson-Neumann-James method with the graphical input techniques of Wilson and the fetch limited spectrum of Liu. The significant heights generated by the method are well verified by winter wave measurements at Newport, Oregon. The hazard index is based on the probability of wave-breaking in water of arbitrary depth and current. The breaking probability is derived under the assumption that wave heights and squared periods are statistically independent and distributed according to a Rayleigh probability density function. The breaking-wave probability and the hazard index depend on the wave steepness in deep slack water and on the depth (relative to the wave period squared) and current (relative to the period) at the river entrance. The dependence on depth and current is achieved in two ways: (1) the limiting steepness (breaking index) k found as a function of relative depth and relative current, and (2) the wave spectrum in water of arbitrary depth and current is found by transformation of the spectrum in deep slack water. The transformation is performed by requiring that the rate of wave energy propagation remain constant. The hazard index is closely related to the probability of breaking swell. At water depths that are typical of river entrances, the hazard index depends strongly on the significant wave height, mean current and depth, but only weakly on the mean wave period (since the breaking height of swell at such depths is only weakly dependent on period). Hindcasts of deep water significant wave heights and hazard indices compared reasonably well with measured heights and Columbia River bar closure periods. Forecasts based on accurate prognostic weather charts should provide similar results.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-17T17:48:22Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 EnfieldDavidBruce1974.pdf: 4133482 bytes, checksum: 4839558ad6cd723ac796646335f131c8 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kirsten Clark (clarkkir@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-04-02T19:24:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 EnfieldDavidBruce1974.pdf: 4133482 bytes, checksum: 4839558ad6cd723ac796646335f131c8 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-08-17T17:50:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 EnfieldDavidBruce1974.pdf: 4133482 bytes, checksum: 4839558ad6cd723ac796646335f131c8 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1973-05-25
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-17T17:50:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 EnfieldDavidBruce1974.pdf: 4133482 bytes, checksum: 4839558ad6cd723ac796646335f131c8 (MD5)

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