Probabilistic models for quality control in environmental sensor networks Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2n49t476b

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  • Networks of distributed, remote sensors are providing ecological scientists with a view of our environment that is unprecedented in detail. However, these networks are subject to harsh conditions, which lead to malfunctions in individual sensors and failures in network communications. This behavior manifests as corrupt or missing measurements in the data. Consequently, before the data can be used in ecological models, future experiments, or even policy decisions, it must be quality controlled (QC'd) to flag affected measurements and impute corrected values. This dissertation describes a probabilistic modeling approach for real-time automated QC that exploits the spatial and temporal correlations in the data to distinguish sensor failures from valid observations. The model adapts to a site by learning a Bayesian network structure that captures spatial relationships among sensors, and then extends this structure to a dynamic Bayesian network to incorporate temporal correlations. The final QC model contains both discrete and continuous variables, which makes inference intractable for large sensor networks. Consequently, we examine the performance of three approximate methods for inference in this probabilistic framework. Two of these algorithms represent contemporary approaches to inference in hybrid models, while the third is a greedy search-based method of our own design. We demonstrate the results of these algorithms on synthetic datasets and real environmental sensor data gathered from an ecological sensor network located in western Oregon. Our results suggest that we can improve performance over networks with less sensors that use exhaustive asynchronic inference by including additional sensors and applying approximate algorithms.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-07-10T18:23:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 dereszynski-thesis.pdf: 7400076 bytes, checksum: 0fbc388d751e401e306d12fd9cf82d31 (MD5) license_rdf: 23457 bytes, checksum: 4a5c7b919ee3cd4f4b33a0bb0951de6b (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Rejected by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu), reason: Rejecting to revise the commencement date on the title page to read - Commencement June 2013. Once revised, open the item that was rejected. Replace the attached file with the revised file and resubmit. Thanks, Julie on 2012-07-06T16:15:56Z (GMT)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-07-11T17:24:07Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 dereszynski-thesis.pdf: 7400076 bytes, checksum: 0fbc388d751e401e306d12fd9cf82d31 (MD5) license_rdf: 23457 bytes, checksum: 4a5c7b919ee3cd4f4b33a0bb0951de6b (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Ethan Dereszynski (dereszye@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-07-10T05:59:17Z No. of bitstreams: 3 dereszynski-thesis.pdf: 7400076 bytes, checksum: 0fbc388d751e401e306d12fd9cf82d31 (MD5) license_rdf: 23457 bytes, checksum: 4a5c7b919ee3cd4f4b33a0bb0951de6b (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Ethan Dereszynski (dereszye@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-07-06T05:02:33Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 23457 bytes, checksum: 4a5c7b919ee3cd4f4b33a0bb0951de6b (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) dereszynski-thesis.pdf: 7400075 bytes, checksum: ab8734551dd1a4fc37bbb092b45d89bf (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-07-11T17:24:07Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 dereszynski-thesis.pdf: 7400076 bytes, checksum: 0fbc388d751e401e306d12fd9cf82d31 (MD5) license_rdf: 23457 bytes, checksum: 4a5c7b919ee3cd4f4b33a0bb0951de6b (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-06-04

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